President Vladimir Putin on Sunday ordered Russia’s nuclear deterrent forces to be on high alert, ratcheting up tensions as Ukraine agreed to talks with Russian officials and the European Union moved to close its airspace to all Russian flights.
In a statement, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said he spoke with Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko and agreed to meet with the Russians on the border of the neighboring country “without preconditions.” Zelenskyy had said earlier that his government would not attend negotiations in Belarus, a close ally of Moscow’s where thousands of Russian troops massed in the lead-up to the invasion last week.
Zelenskyy’s office said Lukashenko, a Putin ally, “has taken responsibility for ensuring that all planes, helicopters and missiles stationed on Belarusian territory will remain on the ground during the Ukrainian delegation’s travel, talks and return.”
Latest updates on Ukraine:
- The European Union announced it is closing its airspace to all Russian aircraft.
- Putin puts his military’s nuclear deterrent forces on high alert after what he calls “aggressive statements” from the West.
- Ukraine agrees to negotiations with Russia on the border with neighboring Belarus.
- Kyiv remains in Ukrainian hands after fierce fighting; Ukraine says it took back control of Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city.
- Russian forces block southern Ukrainian cities, with apparent aim of seizing the coastline.
- At least 368,000 Ukrainians are fleeing westward, becoming refugees near the border and in neighboring countries.
The Ukrainian president said in a later statement that he doubted the meeting, which was to take place near the Pripyat River, would produce results, but he went ahead with it “so that no citizen of Ukraine would have any doubt that I, as president, did not try to stop the war when there was a small chance.” He added that he would remain in Kyiv while the talks proceeded.
Russia, like NATO and the United States, has thousands of nuclear warheads in its arsenal. By putting nuclear deterrence forces on higher alert, Putin for the first time explicitly raised the global stakes of the conflict to a far deadlier level.
White House press secretary Jen Psaki said in an interview on MSNBC that Putin’s move was “exactly the kind of manufactured threats” that the Russian president has been using since the invasion started “to justify further aggressive action.”
Speaking on CBS’s “Face the Nation,” the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, said Putin “is continuing to escalate this war in a manner that is totally unacceptable.” The U.N. Security Council planned to vote Sunday to call for a rare emergency special session of the General Assembly to address the Russian invasion.
EU, U.S. sanctions
As the fighting continued into its fourth day, the president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced that the European Union was closing its airspace to all Russian planes — something that some European countries previously had done individually. Von der Leyen also said the EU was banning Russian state media and sanctioning Belarus for its involvement in the invasion.
European leaders are in step with the U.S. in efforts to target assets of Russian oligarchs and sanctioned companies, a senior White House official said, adding that the Biden administration is launching a transatlantic task force to identify any “ill-gotten gains” from elites close to Putin and the Russian government. This is in addition to severe sanctions placed on Putin’s personal assets and the limitations on Russian banks.
The U.S. and EU’s actions came after Washington and allies escalated sanctions on Russia over the weekend, including blocking certain Russian banks from accessing SWIFT, a service that facilitates global transactions among thousands of financial institutions.
Von der Leyen also said the EU would deliver military equipment to Ukraine in what she called “a watershed moment,” a move that followed a decision by Germany and other countries to provide the country with weapons and supplies.
Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba put out a fresh call Sunday for more weapons, including “more air-to-air and ground-to-air missiles to counter invaders. We need more drones, more vehicles, aircraft artillery, guns, machine guns, ammunition.”
Earlier Sunday, Ukraine said it had taken back control of its second-largest city, Kharkiv, after fighting pitched street battles with the Russian forces, and Kyiv residents awoke to find that the capital was still in Ukrainian hands.
“Anyone who wants to join the defense of Ukraine, Europe and the world can come and fight side by side with the Ukrainians,” Zelenskyy’s office said in a statement. “There is no greater contribution which you can make for the sake of peace.”
His foreign minister, Dmytro Kuleba, echoed the call, inviting foreigners to contact Ukraine’s foreign diplomatic missions in their respective countries.
Russian vehicles broke into Kharkiv, a city of 1.4 million people some 12 miles to the south of the border with Russia, and engaged in intense street fights with the Ukrainian forces. The head of the Kharkiv regional administration, Oleh Sinegubov, later said that Ukrainians had regained control of the city. “Control over Kharkiv is completely ours!” Sinegubov said in a message on the Telegram messaging app.
A senior U.S. defense official said Sunday that the U.S. continues to see Russian momentum slowed by the stiff Ukrainian resistance and logistical challenges, including fuel shortages. While the Russian military has committed about two-thirds of the forces that were amassed around Ukraine into the country, it has not been able to take control of any cities, the official said.
The resistance, the official said, is “heroic, it’s inspiring,” but Russia still has an operational advantage, with “an awful lot of combat power” arrayed in and outside of Ukraine.
Speaking in a video message posted on his Instagram account Sunday, Zelenskyy called the night “brutal” around the country. Russian forces were targeting residential buildings, kindergartens and even ambulances, he said. Russia has denied it has been targeting civilians.
Kyiv will remain under strict curfew until 8 a.m. local time on Monday, complicating the task of assessing the intensity of the fighting, as residents were told to avoid venturing out onto the streets and seek shelter.
The city’s mayor, Vitali Klitschko, said there were clashes with Russian “sabotage groups” overnight, but they had been “destroyed” and there were no Russian troops in the capital. He later said the city of nearly 3 million people was “encircled” by Russian forces and residents could no longer be evacuated.
Russian munitions struck a radioactive waste site in the city overnight, but the extent of the damage wasn’t known because of ongoing shelling and missile fire, the State Inspectorate for Nuclear Regulation of Ukraine said in a statement.
NBC News teams in the country witnessed Ukrainians rallying to repel the invaders. Chief foreign correspondent Richard Engel has seen people in every town and village he has passed filling sandbags, manning checkpoints and standing armed at crossroads.
Russian forces on Sunday blocked the southern Ukrainian cities of Kherson, a port and gateway into the Black Sea, and the port of Berdyansk on the Sea of Azov, Russian state-run Interfax news agency quoted Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov as saying. The pressure on strategic cities in the south of Ukraine, including ports, appeared aimed at seizing control of Ukraine’s coastline.
But while the Russian offensive appeared to have been stymied by stiffer-than-expected resistance from highly motivated Ukrainian armed forces, thousands of Ukrainians have fled to the country’s Western borders to escape the fighting.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said Sunday the number of Ukrainian refugees fleeing the country has reached 368,000 and continues to rise.
Meanwhile, Ukrainian government human rights ombudsman Lyudmyla Denysova said Sunday that more than 210 Ukrainian civilians have been killed and more than 1,100 wounded. Moscow has not released casualty numbers for Russian forces.